Type 1 is also called "insulin dependent" or "juvenile onset" diabetes as it usually first appears in young toddlers at ages 1-4, but can occur later too. This is the condition where the pancreas cannot secrete enough of the hormone insulin. As a result, sufferers need to inject insulin to stay alive. There are 2 subtypes - type 1a is the autoimmune form, where the body's immune system attacks the pancreas, and type 1b being the "unknown cause" form.
Type 2 is called "non-insulin dependent" or "insulin resistant" diabetes, as the body becomes immune or stops responding to insulin, even though the body makes enough of it.
Type 3 is also known as Alzheimer's Disease, as it shares many symptoms and physiological effects with other types of diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes is another type, seen in pregnant women.
The hormone insulin brings down blood glucose levels, by enabling cells to take up the glucose in the blood for energy, and it is also used to store the excess glucose as body fat.
Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, tiredness, blurred vision and more. Untreated diabetes can lead to a diabetic coma, as well as high blood pressure which then causes eye diseases and kidney disease/failure, which then progresses to heart disease/failure, strokes and death. Hence diabetes has very serious long-term health implications.
The good news is that the most common form of diabetes, type 2, which can progress into all the other types, is completely preventable and reversible, without the need for any medication or insulin! Recent research confirms this, as I have also seen with clients.
More recently research is showing that type 1 may also be preventable or alternative treatments can help to reduce the amount of insulin needed.
If you or someone you know has diabetes, particularly type 2, and they would like to prevent further complications, I would like to help!